無花果 (ichijiku): common fig

Kelmarin semasa membeli barang dapur bersama Riza, terjumpa buat 無花果「いちじく」(ichijiku) iaitu orang utara memangggilnya “buah cerdik” atau mungkin buah tin?? (tidak berapa pasti apa nama sebenarnya dalam bahasa Melayu). Selalunya orang yang baru balik dari Mekah akan membawa balik buat tin yang telah dikeringkan. Kami pun belilah untuk memperkenalkan kepada anak2. Alya tidak berapa suka kerana kurang manis, Zakwan menyukainya dan Zarul pula kurang menyukainya kerana lembut sedikit. Kami cuma memberitahu anak2 yang buah tin ada disebut dalam Al-Quran iaitu di dalam surah At-Tin.

Sedikit info mengenai buah ini:

The Common fig (Ficus carica) is a large, deciduous, shrub or small tree native to southwest Asia and the eastern Mediterranean region (Greece east to Afghanistan). It grows to a height of 3-10m tall, with smooth grey bark. The leaves are 12–25 cm long and 10–18 cm across, and deeply lobed with three or five lobes. The fruit is 3–5 cm long, with a green skin sometimes ripening towards purple. The sap of the tree’s green parts is an irritant to human skin.

Cultivation and uses
The Common Fig is widely grown for its edible fruit throughout its natural range in Iran and also in the rest of the Mediterranean region and other areas of the world with a similar climate, including Australia, Chile, South Africa, and California, Oregon, Texas, and Washington in the United States. Thousands of cultivars, most unnamed, have been developed or come into existence as human migration brought the fig to many places outside its natural range. It has been an important food crop for thousands of years, and was also thought to be highly beneficial in the diet.

The edible fig is one of the first plants that were cultivated by humans. Nine subfossil figs of a parthenocarpic type dating to about 9400–9200 BC were found in the early Neolithic village Gilgal I (in the Jordan Valley, 13 km north of Jericho). The find predates the domestication of wheat, barley and legumes, and may thus be the first known instance of agriculture. It is proposed that they may have been planted and cultivated intentionally, one thousand years before the next crops were domesticated (wheat and rye).

Figs were also a common foodsource for the Romans. Cato the Elder, in his De Agri Cultura, lists several strains of figs grown at the time he wrote his handbook: the Mariscan, African, Herculanean, Saguntine, and the black Tellanian (De agri cultura, ch. 8). The fruits were used, among other things, to fatten geese for the production of a precursor of foie gras.

Figs can be eaten fresh or dried, and used in jam-making. Most commercial production is in dried or otherwise processed forms, since the ripe fruit does not transport well, and once picked does not keep well. In Bengal, the fruit is called Dumur. It is cooked as a vegetable and is believed to be good for heart ailments. It is called Anjeer (अंजीर) in Hindi and used in sweets apart from other usage in India.

Figs and health
Figs are one of the highest plant sources of calcium and fiber. According to USDA data for the Mission variety, dried figs are richest in fiber, copper, manganese, magnesium, potassium, calcium, and vitamin K, relative to human needs. They have smaller amounts of many other nutrients. Figs have a laxative effect and contain many antioxidants. They are good source of flavonoids and polyphenols. In one study, a 40-gram portion of dried figs (two medium size figs) produced a significant increase in plasma antioxidant capacity.

p/s: bertuah anak2 kerana dapat merasai sendiri buah yang jarang2 boleh dijumpai di Malaysia seperti nashi, ichigo dan lain2 (kalau ada pun harganya yang mahal)

-nash-
Vocabularies:
山荒し「やまあらし」 (yama arashi) – procupine
かもしか (kamoshika) – antelope
川獺「かわうそ」 (kawauso) – otter
猿「さる」 (saru) – monkey
狐「きつね」 (kitsune) – fox

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3 thoughts on “無花果 (ichijiku): common fig

  1. lina August 20, 2008 at 9:54 am

    selalu makan yg kering sahaja. first time tengok yg fresh

    kami pun tak selalu makan…sbb buahnya bermusim dan mahal…

  2. hani August 21, 2008 at 2:04 am

    kat rumah ada pokoknya. tapi jenis lain sikit. walaupun masak tak bertukar kaler…
    so, kalau masak pun tak tahu buah tu dah masak, sehinggalah burung2 dah makan.
    tahun ni tak lebat dan buah pun kecik2 jer…. lagi malas nak belek hari2.
    lagipun akak tak suka buah ni makan mentah sebab nampak bulu2 kat dalam tu macam anak semut merah2. geli ler…
    kalau buat jem ataupun letak dalam kek …. suka sbb dah bertukar rupa. ihiks.

    anak2 kami pun mula2 takut nak makan sbb tgk dlm nya terutama belah tgh…ada bulu2 etc…hehehe

  3. Rahayudin December 31, 2012 at 12:47 am

    Hello
    Now I am plantating many variety of Tin (new my hobby)
    Like : Green Jordan,Red Palestine, White genoa,Purple Jordan,Sultane, NDC,Calymirna,etc.
    Do you have other/any variety?
    Please share to us

    Regard
    Rahayudin

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